According to ASHA, "stuttering affects the fluency of speech. It begins during childhood and, in
somecases, lasts throughout life. The disorder is characterized by disruptions in the production
of speech sounds, also called "disfluencies." Mostpeople produce brief disfluencies from
time to time. For instance, some words are repeated and others are preceded by "um" or "uh."
Disfluencies are not necessarily a problem;however, they can impede communication when a
person produces too many of them.
Examples of stuttering include:
- " W- W- W- Where are you going?" (Part-word repetition: The person is having difficulty
moving from the "w" in "where" to the remaining sounds in the word. On the fourth
attempt, he successfully completes the word.)
- " SSSS ave me a seat." (Sound prolongation: The person is having difficulty moving from
the "s" in "save" to the remaining sounds in the word. He continues to say the "s" sound
until he is able to complete the word.)
- "I'll meet you - um um you know like - around six o'clock." (A series of interjections:
The person expects to have difficulty smoothly joining the word "you" with the
word "around." In response to the anticipated difficulty, he produces several interjections
until he is able to say the word "around" smoothly.)"