Articulation therapy helps children learn how to correctly produce sounds so that they can be
understood by others. Articulation therapy addresses the following speech sound disorders:
- Childhood Apraxia of Speech: According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing
Association (ASHA), "Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a neurological childhood
(pediatric) speech sound disorder in which the precision and consistency of movements
underlying speech are impaired in the absence of neuromuscular deficits (e.g., abnormal
reflexes, abnormal tone)." To treat Childhood Apraxia of Speech, an intensive and
individualized treatment plan is essential.
- Phonological disorder: involves patterns of sound errors. For example, substituting all
sounds made in the back of the mouth like "k" and "g" for those in the front of the mouth like "t" and "d" (e.g., saying "tup" for "cup" or "dough" for "go").
- Articulation Disorder: involves problems making sounds. Sounds can be substituted,
left off, added or changed. These errors may make it hard for people to understand your
child. Young children often make speech errors. For instance, many young children
sound like they are making a "w" sound for an "r" sound (e.g., "wabbit" for "rabbit")
or may leave sounds out of words, such as "nana" for "banana." The child may have an
articulation disorder if these errors continue past the expected age.